An Intrinsic and Extrinsic Behavior among Rice Growers
Publication date: 17.02.2019
An Analysis on Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
This study is not in any way abstraction of the already largely immense discussion of agrarian nature; it is a micro portion of study on workers’ motivation in management and psychology requiring investigation, discovery and dissemination of analytical conclusions hitherto drawn from research results. Never before has the discussion of the peasant farmer been such a currency like as it is now among politicians, the clergy, social scientists and the media houses. The peasant farmer has been stereotyped to be a person of low esteem, low education [or no education] and most of all as a person of low understanding of issues around him. The middleclass has hardly attempted to explain what motivates the peasant farmer to engage in the laborious activity of food production and animal keeping; neither have authors of social science and management books ever fully recognized these farmers as workers but instead refer to them as farm laborers. A review of literature about the definition of a peasant farmer by the middleclass reveals that their definitions are based purely on individual perception, chauvinism and elitist misconception. In order for us to understand the source of motivation of the peasant farmer, it was useful to note that we are dealing with a person in an era so different from that of the times of Karl Marx and his contemporaries. Money motivation in reference to peasant farmers has been discussed under two pointers namely; extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. For analytical purposes the theory of motivation pushed by David C. McClelland was extensively used citing the; Need for Achievement [n Ach], Need of Power [n Pow], Need for Autonomy [n Aut] and Need for Affiliation [n Aff]. In conclusion, the burden of finding a fairer definition of a peasant farmer became apparent; the study describes the process of rice cultivation, defines the meaning of money motivation and then applied the choice theories of motivation to ascertain the validity of the hypothesis that the peasant farmer was motivated by the prospect of earning money to grow rice. This line of questioning led us to the question as to whether the peasant farmer grows rice for family use ‘intrinsic value’ or for business ‘extrinsic reward’. An analytical conclusion is drawn by applying the needs theory as put forward by David C. McClelland.
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